In a previous article on trade with China, I stated that many Israeli companies could have strong potential in the Chinese market. Over the next several days I will provide snap-shots of some of the most rapidly growing industry groups in China, which I believe could be targeted by Israeli businesses . This time:
With only about 5% of global freshwater resources, China needs to provide water to support 19.8% of global industrial output as well as 20% of the world’s population. China has about the same amount of water as Canada, with a population 100 times greater. China is facing more and more severe water pollution and scarcity problems, nearly two-thirds of China’s 640 major cities face water shortages. In some places, there are extreme water shortages. By the year 2010, the annual shortage was estimated to reach 50 billion cubic meters, while the residential wastewater discharge was 35 billion tones in same year.
China generated 57.2 billion tons of wastewater in 2008; municipal wastewater and industrial wastewater account for 58% and 42% respectively. It is expected that total wastewater will continue growing due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, reaching 79 billion tons by 2015.
In majority of the country, the water is heavily polluted. According to a 2012 report, up to 40 percent of China’s rivers were seriously polluted, resulting from the “estimated 10, 000 petrochemical plants along the Yangtze and 4000 along the Yellow Rivers.” And the Yellow and Yangtze are not even the most polluted of China’s seven major rivers. On top of whatever polluted wastewater might be leached or simply discharged into China’s rivers or coastal waters from factories like chemical, pulp&paper, dye printing, mining and metallurgy, according to a reports that there are almost 1, 700 water pollution accidents annually.
The market size for the China Water treatment industry is expected to total $10 billion in 2015, with no more than 1800 enterprises engaged in water treatment industry.