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Consumers Win The Airline Refunds Battle

European Commission takes a clear stance on airline refunds siding with the passengers. The first step in the process is making vouchers more accessible and valuable

Despite a major push from airline lobbyists and various EU member states, the European Commission has reiterated the importance of consumer rights and upholding their right to cash refunds for cancelled flights. Airlines had argued that by allowing them to withhold cash payments and instead refund passengers with travel vouchers would help them stay liquid while they struggle due to the COVID19 related lockdowns. Forcing passengers to accept the vouchers would have given carriers a short period of relief, but would also mean that millions of travellers would be left with an airline voucher of questionable value.


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A group of EU member states, including Germany and Poland, had called upon the European Commission for a suspension of regulations to provide full cash refunds for cancelled flights. This is a broader question as it also includes the hospitality industry which is also currently cash-drained. Commission executive vice-president Margrethe Vestager gave the  Commission’s reaction at a press conference earlier today.


Keeping airlines afloat is a hugely important endeavour. Hundreds of thousands of jobs are at stake, with airports and airlines in integral part of a strategic infrastructure allowing EU citizens to exercise their freedom of movement.

However, the consumer should not be forgotten either. Various consumer organisations are taking a stand. Monique Goyens Director General of BEUC (The European Consumer Organisation) said, “COVID-19 is putting consumers under enormous financial strain. Their right to reimbursement for cancelled travel is more important than ever. However, we’ve seen countless examples of airlines and travel companies undermining consumers’ rights by trying to push people to accept vouchers. Moreover, consumers should not be forced by governments to pick up the bill to bail out the travel industry. We need solutions that protect both the travel industry and consumer rights, without which consumer confidence in the travel industry could be permanently damaged.”


A set of new recommendations was indeed delivered today and it is good news for passengers. The main message is that cash refunds still remain available by customer request. On the other hand the need for a higher degree of voucher acceptance among the passengers was also recognised. The Commission agreed that it is a valid way of handling current cash flow issues, but should be addressed by increasing the perceived value of travel vouchers, rather than forcing passengers to accept them.

The new recommendations include incentives for passenger voucher acceptance such as state protection against insolvency of the issuing airlines. According to the Commission, vouchers should remain refundable by the end of their validity, if not already redeemed, and their overall value could be increased either by exceeding the original value of the ticket or by including additional services.

Traditional vouchers are usually passenger specific and are non-transferable, which is seen as one of the biggest disadvantages. The Commission has suggested that such an option should be allowed without incurring any additional costs and even goes further to say that vouchers should be valid for other services too.


Only a balanced approach to refunds and vouchers will ensure that all sides are happy with the outcome. In order to boost overall voucher perception and acceptance rate among customers, airlines should make sure their offer is attractive enough and that cash refunds are guaranteed nonetheless. We are happy that the European Commission agrees and has decided to adopt this approach.

According to air travel and compensation expert Piotr Rybicki, airlines should now work together with the travel community on enhancing their offering instead of trying to replace existing regulations: “The European Commission’s recommendation should set a new frame of cooperation between airlines, travel community and the passengers. It is in our mutual interest to make vouchers a real alternative so both the interests of airlines and expectations of customers are met. Our goal is to educate and promote new voucher standards.“


  1. The expiry dates of travel vouchers should be extended to at least 12 months from the original planned departure date, as per the Commission’s suggestion, but with expected dates for the actual restart of air traffic also taken into consideration.
  2. Governments should provide cash guarantees for vouchers in case of airline insolvency. Quick adoption of this recommendation might be crucial for overall success of voucher policies.
  3. Regulation (EU) No. 261/2004, the world’s most comprehensive air passenger regulation, should be upheld and supplementary guidelines added in case of any future events of the COVID-19 scale.
  4. Clear information about voucher policies should be provided, in accordance to the right of information as stated in regulation (EU) No. 261/2004.
  5. Vouchers should be transferable between passengers and other services, lack of voucher flexibility is one of the biggest disadvantages to cash.





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