BREAKING NEWS⁰The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the #NobelPrize in Physics 2018 “for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics” with one half to Arthur Ashkin and the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland. pic.twitter.com/PK08SnUslK
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 2, 2018
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Among the three researchers who share Nobel Prize in physics for inventions of laser that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery and industry, there is a 96-Years-old Jewish Scientist – Arthur Ashkin.
The American Arthur Ashkin was honored for his invention of “optical tweezers” that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers.
Ashkin was able to use the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects, “an old dream of science fiction,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.
For his invention, he won one half of the $1.01 million prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half for together developing a method to generate ultra-short optical pulses, technique is now used in corrective eye surgery, “the shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind,” the jury said.
Strickland is the first female Nobel laureate to be named in three years and is only the third woman to have won the physics prize; the first was Marie Curie in 1903.
Also won the Nobel Medicine Prize James Allison of the US and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, for research into how the body’s natural defense to fight cancer.
The announcement of the 2018 Nobel Literature Prize has postponed for the first time since 1949, until next year, due to #MeToo scandal and sever internal dispute that has prevented it from functioning properly.